Champagne – Sparkling wine made by fermentation of the secondary fault. This name comes from the Champagne region in France. Although the "champagne" is often used by manufacturers of sparkling wine in Many countries and localities to use it only in relation to wine produced in the Champagne region. Wines from the Champagne region were known before medieval times. The monks produced wine for use in the sacrament of Communion. Sparkling wine was part of coronation festivities. Kings appreciate bright, crisp wine and neigristye and sent it as a sign of respect for the other European monarchs. In the XVII century neigristym champagne was given to preference for celebration in European countries.
The largest consumers of wine shampanskih were English and also consumed a lot of sparkling wines. Around the end of XVII century method of making sparkling wine has become known in Champagne together with the special procedures of production and stronger bottles that could withstand the additional pressure. In 1700, the sparkling wine was born. The grapes used in the manufacture of Champagne is usually harvested before the term – when the level of sugar in it below and above the level of acidity. Juice of grapes harvested pressed fast enough so that the wine was white. The traditional method of production Champagne is known as Methode Champenoise. Wines from Champagne are legally can not sell unless they are sustained in the bottle for 18 months.
Grapes for sparkling wine production should be white or red pinot chardonnay Noir or Pinot Meunier. Champagne (made exclusively from chardonnay grapes) are called "white of white" (Fr. blanc de blancs), exclusively from red grapes – "white of black" (Fr. blanc de noirs). Champagne is usually – white wine, even if It is made from red grapes, the juice is squeezed out as grapes very gently, and allowed only minimal contact with the skins of grapes juice, which gives red wine its color. Rose wines are made by prolonging the contact time of juice with the skins, which will tell the guilt or pink by adding a small amount of red wine during blending. Champagne is usually served in special glasses to champagne flute in the form of (Flute, fr. champagne flute), with a long stem and a high narrow bowl. The wider flat glass, usually associated with champagne, the best help to assess more than sweet varieties.