Thus, has shown effective in various types of pain (headaches, sciatica, dysmenorrhoea), immune mechanisms, ulcerative colitis, tardive dyskinesia, congestive heart failure, etc, and ineffective in other pathologies (do OCD, dementia?). Placebo can exercise effect on measures objective (blood pressure, Gastric motility, lung function), even type nocebo (vomiting, sweating, skin rashes). A recent study shows that half of the residents of internal medicine from a U.S. hospital believed that administered placebo could discriminate between real and imaginary or Hays symptoms. The subjects that they respond to placebo have a definite personality: attempts to identify characteristics not only of personality, but demographic u others predicting the response to placebo have been unsuccessful so far. Even individuals tend to vary in time (sometimes significantly) in its response to placebo. In a series of experiments that have become a classic in the field, varying between unpleasant and intolerable intensity shock were administered to a group of volunteers.
Then were given a face cream with the (false) message that was analgesic: some responded to placebo and were able to tolerate discharges that previously were intolerable. The most interesting thing was the second phase: after returning to provide them with cream, this time was made to the subjects believe that is was administered them current when in fact it was not: subjects in this case came to believe that the cream should really have analgesic, so that properties returning to manage the currentone much higher percentage was able to tolerate the unbearable pain of downloads. Among other findings, shows that you people in the first phase they did not respond to placebo, had been trained in producing a perfectly clear answer to the same placebo. Mechanisms proposed three types of beliefs involved in the placebo effect: a) of the patient: expectations (believe they are giving you a leaf of a plant that produces allergy causes really, even if you rub with another innocuous, and vice versa) b) of the clinician: believing that a therapy is effective, you can associate with an index of improvement between 70-90% of cases (of e.